She recently achieved a MA in Communication Design at the Politecnico di Milano, with a focus on interface design and data visualization. She holds a bachelor degree in Communication Science at the Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, where she gained theoretical expertise in semiotics and visual communication techniques. In her master thesis she explored how temporal patterns in urban environments can be contextualized and made visible through subjective and critical data gathering. She is currently pursuing a PhD at the School of Culture and Education at Södertörn University in Sweden. Her research interests lie at exploring the intersection of information visualization and data journalism. Francesca’s pronouns are she/her.